Is It Free To File Taxes Online

Should You E-File or File Taxes by Mail?

Know the Pros and Cons of Digital and Paper Tax Returns

When you file your taxes, you have two options for submitting your return with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS): electronically or by mail.

Both methods of filing have their advantages and disadvantages.  E-filing is safe, faster, and more convenient than paper filing, but filing by mail can be cheaper, although it requires the IRS longer to process refunds.

The Advantages of E-Filing

E-filing was initially introduced in 1986, and it got off to a slow start. A scant number of tax professionals–five of them, according to the IRS–took advantage of the new technology at the time.  The new filing method eventually caught on however and, as of 2018, roughly 90% of taxpayers e-filed their returns.

The biggest benefit of electronic filing is that you’ll receive almost immediate confirmation that the IRS has received your tax return.

If the IRS finds errors in your return, you will be given a rejection notice (usually within 24-48 hours), and the note will typically indicate what triggered the action and what you can do to repair your tax return.

Safety

E-filing is much more secure than paper filing, according to the IRS, since the return, together with all your sensitive information, is transmitted directly to the IRS computer system.

Faster Processing

Your refund is very likely to be processed quicker because e-filing means the IRS doesn’t need to sort or transcribe your tax return at its service center.


There’s a lesser chance that the IRS will make a error when processing your return because IRS employees don’t need to manually put in your return line-by-line into its system.

You Don’t Have to Use a Tax Prep Program

You don’t need to use an expensive tax preparation program to e-file your taxes–if you’re tax savvy, have a simple situation, and are willing to understand, you can fill tax forms in directly using IRS free fillable forms.  Be aware that you need to be comfortable completing basic tax forms to use the service as no guidance is provided.  And if your adjusted gross income (AGI) is less than $72,000, you might be better off using one of the IRS’ many free-file affiliates.

The Disadvantages of E-Filing

Fees

While there are tax preparation tools which are free, many of the leading tax prep firms like TurboTax, TaxSlayer, and H&R Block charge fees for tax returns that go beyond a simple filing.  Fees can exceed $100, depending on which sort of features you want.

Vulnerable to Outages

Glitches are always possible once you’re using the net.  In 2020, TurboTax’s site experienced at least seven outages between April 15 and April 17.  Also, your internet service provider may face outages that could hamper your submitting effort.

Doesn’t Allow for Certain Filing Situations

Though e-filing supports most tax scenarios, there are certain situations it doesn’t support.  By way of example, you can’t file a return for somebody who passed away, you can’t attach images or PDFs to your return, nor can you record before the IRS opens e-filing for the year.

Benefits of Paper Filing

Filing a paper return can be very helpful in some specific scenarios that e-filing can’t accommodate.

You’ve Got a Rare Filing Situation

E-filing can only do so much. For instance, if you need to prepare a tax return for someone who passed away, you have to file a paper return.  Also, paper filing lets you print and submit images or PDFs to supplement your own tax return.

You Want to Build Your Tax Expertise

Many online tax prep tools automate the filing process by asking you questions and using your replies to fill out forms without telling you which forms it’s filing on your behalf.

If you want to learn about, and better review, the details of your tax return, including all forms related to your tax situation, filing a paper return provides the transparency that you crave. You can fill out each form line-by-line and see first-hand all of the calculations and factors your refund requires.

Disadvantages of Paper Filing

There are lots of drawbacks to paper filing that make the process riskier and more taxing than e-filing.

Increases Chances of Errors

Data transcribers in the IRS must manually enter taxpayer information for every paper return they get.  As a result of this, it could result in errors that you may need to fix through an amended return.

Overwhelming for Beginners

For filers who try paper filing after years of electronic filing, collecting all of the forms necessary for things like student loan interest, mortgage interest, capital gains, and business deductions can be intimidating, and it might result in missing forms or errors.

You Will Need to Remember to Sign the Return

Veteran paper filers realize that you have to manually sign the paper return you submit, or the IRS will not accept it.  Newbie paper filers often forget this fact, leading to even longer delays than what you’d normally expect with a paper return.

Tips for Paper Filing

You can do a few things to streamline your return entry when you file :

  1. Make sure that your name and Social Security number are on each page, both front and back. 
  2. Double-check your address. This is where the IRS will send any notices, so it’s vital that you don’t make a mistake.

  3. Mail your return to the perfect IRS service center, as the address can change depending on which state you are in, and whether you are including payment with your return.  The IRS provides a state-by-state list online so that you can find the right address.

  4. Get an automatic extension if you’re mailing your return near the official filing deadline of April 15, 2021.  Keep in mind that you ought to make a payment with your extension if you believe you’ll owe anything.  Otherwise, you might be subject to penalties and interest.

The IRS provides a list of acceptable filing options on its website, which include the following options:

  1.             Hire a tax professional to prepare your return. 
  2. There are particular requirements for e-filing or paper filing if you use these programs.

In the unlikely event your identity is stolen and the thief files a tax return with your information, your e-filed return will be rejected by the IRS as a copy.  You have to file a paper tax return in this case and mail it in with Form 14039, the”Identity Theft Affidavit,” notifying the IRS of the matter.

Key Takeaways

    1. E-filing is quickly and provides several free options
    2. Web or site outages can cause frustrating delays for e-filers. 
    3. Paper filing requires more time than e-filing and can be overwhelming. 
    4. Alternatives to filing taxes on your own include hiring a tax pro or engaging in filing assistance programs.